Tel : 01202 523469 | Mob: 07708 944620 | Email:


Fox – (Vulpes vulpes)

Fox - vixen

Fox – vixen

The fox is a member of the dog family, with the male (dog) fox being larger than the female (vixen).
Found throughout Great Britain in both rural and urban areas, foxes are mainly active at night but are becoming more common during daylight hours.

Urban foxes have a short lifespan of between 18 months and 3 years; the same applies to rural foxes. Being very adaptable, foxes can live in earths or dens almost anywhere.

The fox breeding season lasts for three months over the winter period, with a gestation period of about eight weeks. Litter sizes range from one to ten ‘kits’, who leave their mother at between 6 – 8 months old.

Though wary of humans, it is more and more common that foxes come into conflict with man, especially at night when the vixen can be heard screaming and barking. Foxes are very territorial and very playful and noted for their scavenging abilities. Fox attacks are very rare.

Foxes are opportunistic feeders; omnivores that will seek out live prey such as chickens, rabbits, rats, mice etc, though they also like berries, fruit, vegetable and grains. That said, foxes will eat pretty much the same as a human being, hence their reputation for scavenging in dustbins.

Urban foxes can reap havoc to lawns, sometimes caused by foxes being attracted by the presence of ‘turf pests’ such as leatherjackets and chafers. Flower beds and vegetable patches can be disturbed as foxes establish an earth, bury food, or help themselves to fruit and vegetables.

Fox excrement is also a problem, particularly as foxes can carry a range of parasites and diseases that can affect the health of domestic pets and people. The most common disease that foxes can transmit to man is toxocariasis, which is present in the faeces of infected animals. Domestic cats and dogs are also prone to carrying this disease.

Foxes may also carry Weil’s disease (Leptospirosis), which is a potentially life threatening condition and can be passed to domestic pets and humans via contact with fox urine. Other diseases foxes may carry are hydatid disease and mange, as well as fleas and ticks, which are carried by most foxes.
Britain is currently free from Rabies, but potentially foxes could contract and pass on the disease should it ever reach the our shores.